A damaged sewer line is more than just an inconvenience. If it is not effectively repaired, it can pose severe health risks to you and your family members. Unfortunately, many homeowners usually don’t take much notice of their sewage systems until significant issues begin to occur.
Broken pipes leak harmful chemicals and substances into the ground. These dangerous spills turn your home into an unsafe environment. It’s highly recommended to enlist professional help for sewer line repair. Expert plumbers will know how to properly replace the main sewer pipe and ensure your home’s safety.
There are two main sewer line repair and replacement options available to homeowners:
With the open trench method, sewer repair contractors will have to dig up the ground to access a home’s sewer line. Then, after the pipes have been fixed or replaced, the trench will be backfilled. This method is time-intensive and entails more disruption to your home and routine.
The trenchless method is often the most preferred of the sewer line repair options, if it can be done in your home. Plumbers will use advanced techniques to expand and break existing pipes. At the same time, new high-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipes will be installed.
Trenchless sewer repair is less intrusive, and it can be done much faster. However, it may not be a viable option for every home. Make sure to consult plumbing experts to see if they can implement this method for your home plumbing repairs.
Professional plumbers will present you with the options for sewer line replacement services before conducting any repairs. The replacement service will vary depending on the job type, labor requirements and equipment needed to fix the lines.
Basic sewer line repair involves replacing only a section of the pipe. It usually includes the installation of new lines and other related hardware.
Replacing the entire sewer line is a labor-intensive process. Most plumbers will recommend using PVC pipes for the new installation as these are readily available. They will discuss these options with you and determine which option is best suited for your home.
Sometimes you won’t need to replace the entire pipe. If the damage isn’t too extensive, plumbers can repair the section of cracked pipe, instead of replacing the entire sewer line. It's important to remember that this will not guarantee the health of the remaining sewer that was not replaced.
Sewer traps keep unpleasant odors out of your home. In the days before these were located beneath each fixture, there was a single trap placed at the beginning of the sewer line. If the "house trap" is the source of the issue, it can be removed entirely to prevent further clogs in the future.
Replacing the sewer line in the basement may require trenching under the slab, which is often an intrusive process. If the source of the issue is located within pipes not under the ground, trenching will likely not be required.
The main sewer line under the street, connecting your house to the municipal branch is called a lateral line. In some cases, the lateral line will need to be replaced, requiring the expertise of professional plumbers.
Below, we cover the steps carried out by plumbers in the sewer line repair and replacement process.
Before plumbing crews conduct any services, they will check local plumbing codes to ensure that the services they’ll render follow regulations.
These codes include the following:
Digging trenches requires careful planning. Your plumber will perform onsite inspections and survey the area to ensure everything is up to standard.
Digging trenches involves digging out the broken sewage pipe and removing the soil, rocks and other covering materials. In some cases, plumbing crews only need to dig a specific section if that’s all that needs replacing. However, they may have to remove and replace the entire pipe, digging through its full length.
Following the previous step, plumbers will cut out the damaged pipe piece, remove it and handle its disposal.
The plumbing team will ensure that the ground is pitched correctly, following the requirements of local authorities. These requirements include minimum pitch, cleanout access, and fitting requirements to maximize flow. Following these requirements will help pass inspections and ensure that waste gets effectively carried out of your home.
A plumbing inspector will evaluate the work before covering the new pipe with soil and other material. If it passes inspection, the process is completed with the covering of the new pipe.
Repairing your home’s sewer line is a complex procedure best left to seasoned experts. At Alliance Service Pros, we have highly-trained plumbing professionals who can offer expert advice and work within your budget to help you reduce costs. If you have problems with your sewer line, call today, and we’ll walk you through the various repair and replacement options available to you.